A PAM50-Based Chemoendocrine Score for Hormone Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer with an Intermediate Risk of Relapse.
de la Haba-Rodríguez, J
Bin Aiderus, AA
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<b>Purpose:</b> Hormone receptor-positive (HR<sup>+</sup>) breast cancer is clinically and biologically heterogeneous, and subgroups with different prognostic and treatment sensitivities need to be identified.<b>Experimental Design:</b> Research-based PAM50 subtyping and expression of additional genes was performed on 63 patients with HR<sup>+</sup>/HER2<sup>-</sup> disease randomly assigned to neoadjuvant multiagent chemotherapy versus endocrine therapy in a phase II trial. The biology associated with treatment response was used to derive a PAM50-based chemoendocrine score (CES). CES's predictive ability was evaluated in 4 independent neoadjuvant data sets (<i>n</i> = 675) and 4 adjuvant data sets (<i>n</i> = 1,505). The association of CES, intrinsic biology, and PAM50 risk of relapse (ROR) was explored across 6,007 tumors.<b>Results:</b> Most genes associated with endocrine sensitivity were also found associated with chemotherapy resistance. In the chemotherapy test/validation data sets, CES was independently associated with pathologic complete response (pCR), even after adjusting for intrinsic subtype. pCR rates of the CES endocrine-sensitive (CES-E), uncertain (CES-U), and chemotherapy-sensitive (CES-C) groups in both data sets combined were 25%, 11%, and 2%, respectively. In the endocrine test/validation data sets, CES was independently associated with response. Compared with ROR, >90% of ROR-low and ROR-high tumors were identified as CES-E and CES-C, respectively; however, each CES group represented >25% of ROR-intermediate disease. In terms of survival outcome, CES-C was associated with poor relapse-free survival in patients with ROR-intermediate disease treated with either adjuvant endocrine therapy only or no adjuvant systemic therapy, but not in patients treated with (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy.<b>Conclusions:</b> CES is a genomic signature capable of estimating chemoendocrine sensitivity in HR<sup>+</sup> breast cancer beyond intrinsic subtype and risk of relapse. <i>Clin Cancer Res; 23(12); 3035-44. ©2016 AACR</i>.
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Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
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Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, 2017, 23 (12), pp. 3035 - 3044