Actin-myosin-based contraction is responsible for apoptotic nuclear disintegration.
MetadataShow full item record
Membrane blebbing during the apoptotic execution phase results from caspase-mediated cleavage and activation of ROCK I. Here, we show that ROCK activity, myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation, MLC ATPase activity, and an intact actin cytoskeleton, but not microtubular cytoskeleton, are required for disruption of nuclear integrity during apoptosis. Inhibition of ROCK or MLC ATPase activity, which protect apoptotic nuclear integrity, does not affect caspase-mediated degradation of nuclear proteins such as lamins A, B1, or C. The conditional activation of ROCK I was sufficient to tear apart nuclei in lamin A/C null fibroblasts, but not in wild-type fibroblasts. Thus, apoptotic nuclear disintegration requires actin-myosin contractile force and lamin proteolysis, making apoptosis analogous to, but distinct from, mitosis where nuclear disintegration results from microtubule-based forces and from lamin phosphorylation and depolymerization.
Version of record
Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Microscopy, Electron, Transmission
Myosin Light Chains
NIH 3T3 Cells
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
License start date
J Cell Biol, 2005, 168 (2), pp. 245 - 255
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Structural Basis for Auto-Inhibition of the NDR1 Kinase Domain by an Atypically Long Activation Segment. Xiong, S; Lorenzen, K; Couzens, AL; Templeton, CM; Rajendran, D; Mao, DYL; Juang, Y-C; Chiovitti, D; Kurinov, I; Guettler, S; Gingras, A-C; Sicheri, F (2018-08-07)The human NDR family kinases control diverse aspects of cell growth, and are regulated through phosphorylation and association with scaffolds such as MOB1. Here, we report the crystal structure of the human NDR1 kinase ...
Multiparametric Analysis of Cell Shape Demonstrates that β-PIX Directly Couples YAP Activation to Extracellular Matrix Adhesion. Sero, JE; Bakal, C (2017-01-25)Mechanical signals from the extracellular matrix (ECM) and cellular geometry regulate the nuclear translocation of transcriptional regulators such as Yes-associated protein (YAP). Elucidating how physical signals control ...
Mardakheh, FK; Self, A; Marshall, CJ (2016-12-15)Directional cell migration involves reorientation of the secretory machinery. However, the molecular mechanisms that control this reorientation are not well characterised. Here, we identify a new Rho effector protein, named ...