Structure-based design of selective and potent G quadruplex-mediated telomerase inhibitors
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The telomerase enzyme is a potential therapeutic target in many human cancers. A series of potent inhibitors has been designed by computer modeling, which exploit the unique structural features of quadruplex DNA, These 3,6,9-trisubstituted acridine inhibitors are predicted to interact selectively with the human DNA quadruplex structure, as a means of specifically inhibiting the action of human telomerase in extending the length of single-stranded telomeric: DNA. The anilino substituent at the 9-position of the acridine chromophore is predicted to lie in a third groove of the quadruplex. Calculated relative binding energies predict enhanced selectivity compared with earlier 3,6-disubstituted compounds, as a result of this substituent, The ranking order of energies is in accord with equilibrium binding constants for quadruplex measured by surface plasmon resonance techniques, which also show reduced duplex binding compared with the disubstituted compounds. The 3,6,9-trisubstututed acridines have potent in vitro inhibitory activity against human telomerase. with EC50 values of up to 60 nM.
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PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 2001, 98 pp. 4844 - 4849