Patritumab with Cetuximab plus Platinum-Containing Therapy in Recurrent or Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck: An Open-Label, Phase Ib Study.
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Purpose Patritumab plus cetuximab with platinum as first-line therapy for patients with recurrent and/or metastatic (R/M) squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) was evaluated for safety and to determine the recommended phase II combination dose.Patients and methods Patients aged ≥18 years with confirmed R/M SCCHN received intravenous patritumab (18 mg/kg loading dose; 9 mg/kg maintenance dose every 3 weeks) + cetuximab (400 mg/m 2 loading dose; 250 mg/m 2 maintenance dose weekly) + cisplatin (100 mg/m 2 every 3 weeks) or carboplatin (AUC of 5) for six cycles or until toxicity, disease progression, or withdrawal. Primary endpoints were dose-limiting toxicities [DLT; grade ≥3 (21-day observation period)] and treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAE). Pharmacokinetics, human antihuman antibodies (HAHA), tumor response, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were assessed.Results Fifteen patients completed a median (range) of 8.7 (2.0-20.7) patritumab cycles. No DLTs were reported. Serious adverse events were reported in 9 patients (patritumab-related n = 4). TEAEs ( N = 15 patients) led to patritumab interruption in 7 patients. Patritumab-related dose reductions were reported in 1 patient. Patritumab (18 mg/kg) pharmacokinetics ( N = 15) showed mean (SD) AUC 0-21d of 2,619 (560) μg/day/mL and maximum concentration of 499.9 (90.4) μg/mL. All patients were HAHA-negative at study end (single, transient low titer in 1 patient). Tumor response rate (complete plus partial response; N = 15) was 47%. Median (95% confidence interval) PFS and OS ( N = 15) were 7.9 (3.7-9.7) and 13.5 (6.6-17.5) months, respectively.Conclusions Patritumab (18 mg/kg loading dose, 9 mg/kg maintenance dose) plus cetuximab/platinum was tolerable, active in SCCHN, and selected as the phase II dose regimen.
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies
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Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, 2019, 25 (2), pp. 487 - 495