Systematic Discovery of Short Linear Motifs Decodes Calcineurin Phosphatase Signaling.
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Short linear motifs (SLiMs) drive dynamic protein-protein interactions essential for signaling, but sequence degeneracy and low binding affinities make them difficult to identify. We harnessed unbiased systematic approaches for SLiM discovery to elucidate the regulatory network of calcineurin (CN)/PP2B, the Ca<sup>2+</sup>-activated phosphatase that recognizes LxVP and PxIxIT motifs. In vitro proteome-wide detection of CN-binding peptides, in vivo SLiM-dependent proximity labeling, and in silico modeling of motif determinants uncovered unanticipated CN interactors, including NOTCH1, which we establish as a CN substrate. Unexpectedly, CN shows SLiM-dependent proximity to centrosomal and nuclear pore complex (NPC) proteins-structures where Ca<sup>2+</sup> signaling is largely uncharacterized. CN dephosphorylates human and yeast NPC proteins and promotes accumulation of a nuclear transport reporter, suggesting conserved NPC regulation by CN. The CN network assembled here provides a resource to investigate Ca<sup>2+</sup> and CN signaling and demonstrates synergy between experimental and computational methods, establishing a blueprint for examining SLiM-based networks.
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Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
Amino Acid Motifs
Active Transport, Cell Nucleus
Protein Interaction Maps
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Molecular cell, 2020, 79 (2), pp. 342 - 358.e12