Fiducial marker based intra-fraction motion assessment on cine-MR for MR-linac treatment of prostate cancer.
de Muinck Keizer, DM
van der Voort van Zyp, JRN
van den Berg, CAT
de Boer, JCJ
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We have developed a method to determine intrafraction motion of the prostate through automatic fiducial marker (FM) tracking on 3D cine-magnetic resonance (MR) images with high spatial and temporal resolution. Twenty-nine patients undergoing prostate stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT), with four implanted cylindrical gold FMs, had cine-MR imaging sessions after each of five weekly fractions. Each cine-MR examination consisted of 55 sequentially obtained 3D datasets ('dynamics'), acquired over a 11 s period, covering a total of 10 min. FM locations in the first dynamic were manually identified by a clinician, FM centers in subsequent dynamics were automatically determined. Center of mass (COM) translations and rotations were determined by calculating the rigid transformations between the FM template of the first and subsequent dynamics. The algorithm was applied to 7315 dynamics over 133 scans of 29 patients and the obtained results were validated by comparing the COM locations recorded by the clinician at the halfway-dynamic (after 5 min) and end dynamic (after 10 min). The mean COM translations at 10 min were X: 0.0 [Formula: see text] 0.8 mm, Y: 1.0 [Formula: see text] 1.9 mm and Z: 0.9 [Formula: see text] 2.0 mm. The mean rotation results at 10 min were X: 0.1 [Formula: see text] 3.9°, Y: 0.0 [Formula: see text] 1.3° and Z: 0.1 [Formula: see text] 1.2°. The tracking success rate was 97.7% with a mean 3D COM error of 1.1 mm. We have developed a robust, fast and accurate FM tracking algorithm for cine-MR data, which allows for continuous monitoring of prostate motion during MR-guided radiotherapy (MRgRT). These results will be used to validate automatic prostate tracking based on soft-tissue contrast.
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine
Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted
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Physics in medicine and biology, 2019, 64 (7), pp. 07NT02 - ?