Bilateral mammoplasty for cancer: Surgical, oncological and patient-reported outcomes.
Di Micco, R
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<h4>Introduction</h4>Bilateral mammoplasty (BM) can optimise oncological safety and aesthetic outcomes in women with large or ptotic breasts whose tumour to breast volume ratio or tumour location pose a challenge to standard breast-conserving therapy (BCT) and for whom mastectomy (with or without reconstruction) may be the only alternative.<h4>Methods</h4>We undertook a comprehensive analysis of surgical outcomes (complications according to the Clavien Dindo classification), acute radiation morbidity (Radiation Therapy Oncology Group classification), oncological outcomes, and patient satisfaction (BREAST-Q questionnaire) in women who underwent BM for breast cancer (BC) from June 2009-November 2014.<h4>Results</h4>168 women were included. Median age was 55 years (range:33-84) and median tumour size at imaging 35 mm (range:0-170). Median specimen weight was 242 g (range 39-1824). The wise pattern technique was used in 87.5% of procedures. At least one complication occurred in 68 (40.5%) women, mostly Clavien Dindo grade 1. Grade 3 complications were infrequent (8.9%) but occurred mainly on the therapeutic mammoplasty (TM) side (p < 0.05). Complications were associated with higher BMI, specimen weight and longer time to radiotherapy (p < 0.05). Median follow-up was 37 months (range: 13-77). Local recurrence occurred in 3 (1.8%), distant metastases in 5 (3.0%), and 10 (6.0%) women have died. The median score for 'satisfaction with breasts' was 77 (range: 0-100).<h4>Conclusions</h4>This study provides concurrent data on surgical, oncological and patient-reported outcomes. It offers evidence that BM is an effective treatment for breast cancer in large- or ptotic-breasted women.
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European journal of surgical oncology : the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology, 2017, 43 (1), pp. 68 - 75